Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961)
C. G. Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist who changed the way we think about the human psyche, or personality.
Jung coined terms that are becoming increasingly common in today's language.
He described people as introverts and extroverts in their dominant approach to the world.
He used the word persona to describe the mask each of us wears in the world to hide our deep self, and individuation for the process of becoming fully conscious, that is, of integrating our unconscious vitalities into our conscious lives.
His work on personality types and dream interpretation have helped millions to understand themselves, their inner landscapes and mythic connections.
1) Express your opinions respectfully
2) Refrain from unnecessarily hurting others’ feelings
3) Try to refrain from personal attacks
4) Be minimally considerate of others
5) Don’t insult under the pretense of “giving advice” or “being honest”
6) Don’t cheat: don’t use white, gray, or black propaganda
7) Don’t substitute the meanings of words to suit your agenda.
8) Don’t take your interlocutor’s words out of context to suit your agenda.
9) Respect the opinions of others
10) Don’t get stuck on trivia
11) If someone breaks one of these rules, please don’t insult them, but simply cite the rule that was broken as your counterargument.
12) This is a free forum; please do not be a policewoman/policeman.
Freud said that the goal of therapy was to make the unconscious conscious.
He certainly made that the goal of his work as a theorist.
And yet he makes the unconscious sound very unpleasant, to say the least: It is a cauldron of seething desires, a bottomless pit of perverse and incestuous cravings, a burial ground for frightening experiences which nevertheless come back to haunt us.
Frankly, it doesn't sound like anything I'd like to make conscious!
A younger colleague of his, Carl Jung, was to make the exploration of this "inner space" his life's work.
He went equipped with a background in Freudian theory, of course, and with an apparently inexhaustible knowledge of mythology, religion, and philosophy.
Jung was especially knowledgeable in the symbolism of complex mystical traditions such as Gnosticism, Alchemy, Kabala, and similar traditions in Hinduism and Buddhism.
If anyone could make sense of the unconscious and its habit of revealing itself only in symbolic form, it would be Carl Jung.
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Analytical Psychology It interprets feelings and behavior in terms of both an individual and racial unconscious.
Jung's theories are based mainly on historical, artistic and occult evidence.
His writings are filled with references to ancient literary works which reflect all of the common archetypes of the collective unconscious.
Jung emphasizes four archetypes:
1. Persona -- The picture of the individual presented to society.
2. Anima (in men), animus (in women) -- Representing areas of female masculinity and male femininity.
3. Shadow -- Animal instincts reminiscent of non-human ancestors.
4. Self -- An archetype which holds the entire personality system together
They are classified into:
-Thinking: The thinking man is an intellectual; he tries to understand the nature of the world and of himself.
- Feeling: The feeling man is emotional; he values things according to subjective experiences.
- Sensing: The sensing man is a perceiver; he looks for concrete facts and information about the world.
- Intuiting: The intuiting man is a mystic; he tries to discover the essence of the world by going beyond facts or feelings. Everyone, according to Jung, is a mixture of these functions, but the personality of an individual is determined by the function that is predominant.